Inventory Management Software

Effective management of finished product inventory is quite essential for running a business efficiently and profitably. Inventory strategies and decisions become particularly important in businesses where inventory costs form a sizeable part of total marketing costs.

Carrying inventories becomes inescapable in most businesses, because the producing activities and consuming activities take place at different times, in different locations and at different rates. Inventories are made up of several elements: operational stocks kept for meeting the ready demand at different consumption centers. Some stock will be in transit at any given point of time, while other stock will be awaiting shipments. Finally, there are kept for meeting emergencies. All these make up the total inventory.

While discussing inventory management software, it is important to keep an eye on the elements of inventory costs. A variety of costs are incurred in carrying the inventories. They include interest on capital tied up in the inventory, warehouse rent, staff salaries, insurance, rates and taxes, stationery, postage and communication charges, administrative overheads, costs of handling, unloading and stacking, loss due to damage and deterioration while on storage and cost of order processing.

In businesses where the turnaround of inventories is rather slow, interest on the capital tied up in the inventory becomes the most significant element of the total inventory carrying costs. In fact, inventory cost causes the most worry to manufacturers today. Increased competition has resulted in the accumulation of stock in a number of industries. Inventory carrying costs are on the increase not merely because of increased level of inventories. Every increase in the price of the products pushes up the inventory carrying costs as the value of the locked up product goes up in the process. Similarly, every increase in the interest rates also pushes up the inventory carrying costs.